Implementation of BARE message encoding for Go
8 hours ago
9 hours ago

#go-bare GoDoc builds.sr.ht status

An implementation of the BARE message format for Go.


This mostly works, but you may run into some edge cases with union types.

#Code generation

An example is provided in the examples directory. Here is a basic introduction:

$ cat schema.bare
type Address {
	address: [4]string
	city: string
	state: string
	country: string
$ go run git.sr.ht/~sircmpwn/go-bare/cmd/gen -p models schema.bare models/gen.go

Then you can write something like the following:

import "models"

/* ... */

bytes := []byte{ /* ... */ }
var addr Address
err := addr.Decode(bytes)

You can also add custom types and skip generating them by passing the -s TypeName flag to gen, then providing your own implementation. For example, to rig up time.Time with a custom "Time" BARE type, add this to your BARE schema:

type Time string

Then pass -s Time to gen, and provide your own implementation of Time in the same package. See examples/time.go for an example of such an implementation.

#Marshal usage

For many use-cases, it may be more convenient to write your types manually and use Marshal and Unmarshal directly. If you choose this approach, you may also use git.sr.ht/~sircmpwn/go-bare/schema.SchemaFor to generate a BARE schema langauge document describing your structs.

package main

import (

// type Coordinates {
//    x: int
//    y: int
//    z: int
//    q: optional<int>
// }
type Coordinates struct {
    X uint
    Y uint
    Z uint
    Q *uint

func main() {
    var coords Coordinates
    payload := []byte{0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x01, 0x04}
    err := bare.Unmarshal(payload, &coords)
    if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("coords: %d, %d, %d (%d)\n",
        coords.X, coords.Y, coords.Z, *coords.Q) /* coords: 1, 2, 3 (4) */


To use union types, you need to define an interface to represent the union of possible values, and this interface needs to implement bare.Union:

type Person interface {

Then, for each possible union type, implement the interface:

type Employee struct { /* ... */ }
func (e Employee) IsUnion() {}

type Customer struct { /* ... */ }
func (c Customer) IsUnion() {}

The IsUnion function is necessary to make the type compatible with the Union interface. Then, to marshal and unmarshal using this union type, you need to tell go-bare about your union:

func init() {
    // The first argument is a pointer of the union interface, and the
    // subsequent arguments are values of each possible subtype, in ascending
    // order of union tag:
      Member(*new(Employee), 0).
      Member(*new(Customer), 1)

This is all done for you if you use code generation.

#Contributing, getting help

Send patches and questions to ~sircmpwn/public-inbox@lists.sr.ht